Breaking Down Angular JS vs Vue Js for 2020
In a VUCA world where the technology is moving at a far more rapid pace than ever, we see a rise for newer frameworks. It was not long ago that front end developers were debating the use of Angular JS with React JS.
What has changed in the past year is the rise of new frameworks aka Vue JS. Now the development community is debating Angular vs Vue. Before going deep into the comparisons, it is important to iterate the fact that, both Angular JS and Vue JS carry distinct advantages and shortcomings.
Vue JS was developed by ex-Google employee Evan You. Though not supported by giants, Alibaba and Gitlab are using Vue JS as part of their front end. It is the youngest in the pack and their latest stable update(Vue Version 2.17) was released in 2018.
Comparison of Metrics
|Metrics||Angular JS||Vue JS|
|Popularity||Highly popular being the oldest||Growing at Pace, competitor for Angular & React in future|
|Dependencies||Requires modules to be imported||No built- in features|
|Compatibility||Poor compatibility of AngularJS(version 1) and Angular version 2 onwards||Very compatible with other versions|
|TypeScript||Requires understanding of TypeScript to work on Angular||Requires understanding of CDN Library|
|Flexibility||Difficult to integrate with existing projects||Easier to merge with older projects|
|Complexity||Beginners will find difficult||Easy for Beginners|
|Performance||Quick and occupies significant space during front-end development||Faster and lighter than Angular in front end development|
|Application||More suited to industrial scale and many developers working on the front end||Ideal for lightweight application|
Though both Angular and Vue are open source frameworks, make sure that you use MIT licenses which restricts the reuse of proprietary software. Be sure you know and read the implications of MIT License.
Native App Development
Angular’s NativeScript is the go-to platform to develop native apps with Ionic framework preferred for hybrid applications.
Vue’s Weex platform is in the process of evolution, however, there is little indication on making it a fully-fledged cross-development platform.
One-way Data Flow vs. Two-way Data Binding
The one-way data flow has only a single source of truth i.e. the model. The application’s data flows only in a single direction, and the model changes the app’s state.
Two-way data binding means that UI fields model dynamically or in other words, we can say that when UI fields change, then model field changes.
Angular uses Two-way data binding while Vue JS supports both One-way data flow and Two-way binding.
MicRoapps and Microservices
There is a significant rise in the technologies used in building applications and a wider community of developers who are using MicRoapps and Microservices. Vue JS is friendly and flexible in the choices in the MicRoapps and Microservices required for the application. Angular uses Single-Page Applications (SPAs) than microservices as it uses TypeScript. In terms of developing micro-apps and microservices, Vue JS is more suitable.
The model of Virtual DOM enhances the performance of the front end. Due to the well-built structure of the Vue, the performance and memory allocation are better than Angular. Since Angular is the elder statesman in the lot, the performance and stability are much better. However, while building your application, there are two main factors to consider; the size of the application and optimization of built-in code.
Market Analysis and Trends
When building an application it is important to understand the trends in the industry and how the developer community is changing to new frameworks and libraries. According to data by Stackoverflow published in 2017, more than half of the developers surveyed loved the angular JS. Though Vue was not in reckoning back then, they pose a major challenger.
According to GitHub‘s stars history, Vue is nearly three times more stars than Angular suggesting the increasing popularity among developers to use Vue. Although not backed by big brands like Google and Facebook, Vue is grabbing the attention due to its well-built, structure and user-friendly architecture.
Shortcomings of Vue & Angular
Though we have discussed mainly the advantages and architecture, it is important to realize that, both Vue & Angular have their shortcomings.
Vue’s community base in Chinese, so finding solutions would require you to know the language of Mandarin or Cantonese. The other way is to find the solutions yourself. Secondly, the framework is prone to vexing runtime errors in the templates. A similar problem was faced by Angular 1. Also, the infrastructure and architecture of the framework is new and filled with community-created components. However, these shortcomings account for very little since developers rarely use third-party integrations, largely thanks to the in-built capabilities of Vue.
Which one to Choose?
The simple answer is the size of the project. If you have a small team and developing a small scale project, Vue is easier due to the clean code. If the project is large and has the potential for expansion, the choice would be Angular.