Change and development is inevitable in every field. Top sustain and to scale it is mandatory to keep innovating and be up to date with the latest trends. One cannot afford to be stagnant as the business needs cannot be met. Considering this particular aspect front end development is not an exception. From where it was back then to where it is right now, it has gone through a drastic makeover. It is because of this drastic development we are able to enjoy flawlessly working mobile apps and numerous web applications. Here we shall see some of the latest trends in front end development in 2020.
Micro frontends is creating quite a buzz in the tech world. As the name states the micro frontends splits the architecture in various frontends for the teams to work on different parts of the development process. They say that “Too many cooks spoil the broth” but not in this case. Micro frontend provides complete authority over specific parts to the developers who are working on it. One of the well-known examples that can be stated is Bit. It lets developers in isolating, building, testing and updating the components.
If you are discussing about the latest trends in frontend development, atomic design should be an integral part of your conversation. To put it in simple words the theory introduced by Brad Frost composition of atoms with the parts of the web application. One of the biggest advantages of atomic design is that they it does not confine itself with building modular UI with reusable components. The atomic design demands to the developer to have a complete understanding of API of every component.
Encapsulated Styling & Shadow Dom
Encapsulation is an important aspect of components. It is necessary that every line of code must be kept clean. Different parts of the code must not clash in any aspect. The markup structure, style, and behavior are separated and hidden from the code on the page. The key part is the Shadow DOM API. Shadow DOM is being used by browsers for a very long time. The important of DOM is that it is a DOM within DOM. It has its separate DOM tree that consists of separate elements and styles that are completely away from the original DOM. When it comes to encapsulation, Shadow DOM is the ideal choice.
TypeScript Take Over
When it comes to front end development there are no second thoughts about the fact that TS is the hot cake now. More than 80% of the developers have shown interest in learning and experimenting with new type scripts. TypeScript codes are easier to understand and very easy to implement. The occurrence of bugs is also very less. Tools like BIT are the perfect choice to gradually refractor components. In your app to typescript, by doing this you will be able to improve the code of a particular component.
Component Libraries to Dynamic Collection
Instead of working hard to build a complicated component library, it is better to opt for Bit. It can be used to export and isolate the components. Using you can easily isolate version, build, test and update UI components. It is possible to update the entire app or single component of the app. The bit.dev platform allows you to remotely host the components for different teams. Every person in the team can carry the development process within their boundary. There is an auto documentation of UI documentation of UI components. The rendering is also carried out in an interactive playground.
The aspects that Redux makes it most reliable name for many teams. There is an assumption that we will bid good bye to Redux. We are sure that this is not going to happen in the near future. But there is enough competition that are lined up to take the position of Redux. Some of them include React hooks, Context-API and a lot more. On the other hand MobX which hit the markets very recently, is being adapted by many.
In all browsers standardized by ECMA Scripts, ES Module is the go to option. The various functionalities can be encapsulated by ES modules. All the major browsers will support ES modules after the launch Firefox60. The node team is also working on module that will support node.js. By next year we can alos expect ES module integration for web assembly.
Progressive Web Apps
Progressive web apps is more like a website but at the same time feels and functions like an application. It takes advantage the best of modern technologies to give the best of web and mobile apps. To make the process easy for the users the developers are allowing them to install the apps on their home screen. It helps to receive notification even if the user is not using the particular app.